In recent years, remarkable advances have been made in stem cell therapy, causing stem cell clinics to flourish and claiming that stem cell therapy can cure a number of diseases. However, the FDA says this has not been proven and is working to regulate it.
In recent years, there have been so many profit-making stem cell clinics in the United States that advertise that they can treat everything from arthritis to Alzheimer’s with just a few injections, each costing between $ 5,000 and $ 20,000. However, cases have shown that patients in these clinics developed tumors, infections and even vision loss after unauthorized interventions.
So is stem cell therapy an effective treatment or just a false hope? Some information is needed for those who are curious about stem cell therapy.
What is stem cell therapy?
Just as the stem of a plant produces branches, leaves, and flowers, stem cells are undifferentiated cells that can produce different types of cells. They come from two main sources: adult body tissues such as bone marrow, blood and blood vessels, skeletal muscles etc. and embryos in which stem cells can differentiate into more cell types than adult stem cells.
Stem cell therapy, also known as regenerative medicine, is the use of stem cells to help the patient’s body repair damaged tissue by intravenous or intramuscular injection.
What types of diseases does stem cell therapy work on?
In theory, any state of tissue degeneration can be a potential candidate for stem cell therapies because it can produce all types of cells.
So far, however, the use of stem cell therapy has been quite limited. For the past 50 years, patients have been successfully treated with hematopoietic stem cells, commonly known as bone marrow transplants.
However, these new therapies were only offered to a very limited number of patients and are more experimental than in standard practice.
What are the advantages of stem cell therapy?
A common problem with transplantation is the risk of graft rejection. This risk can be avoided with autologous stem cell therapy. In addition, there is no risk of transmission of communicable diseases.
Stem cell transplantation is usually done by infusion or injection rather than complicated surgery. Therefore, patients do not have to worry about scars, complications or the side effects of general anesthesia.
“In 2012, Professor Shinya Yamanaka was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the discovery of induced pluripotent stem cells, which has a greater potential for stem cells to understand and treat a variety of diseases, injuries, and other health-related conditions.” senior scientist at Creative Biolabs, a leading company that provides development services for stem cell therapies.